Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is one of the most common skin conditions in the world especially among people who have dark skins. The condition is best described as an inflammatory disorder which is characterized by spots on the skin that may be colored black, brown, red, pink, or purple. The dark spots usually appear following thermal burns, injuries, dermatitis, and infection. In most cases, the spots would slowly disappear with the passage of time. For advanced cases, treatment procedures are needed to hasten the disappearance of the dark patches.
You have several options when it comes to treating post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. These would include the following treatments:
- Alpha Hydroxy Acids – If you are afflicted with mild hyperpigmentation, using hydroxy acids should be your first step in treating it. These acids have the capability to speed up the skin’s natural exfoliation process thus hastening the disappearance of the dark spots. These acids are found in many cleansers, creams, gels, and lotions.
- Topical Retinoids – These are very effective in treating pigmentation left by healed acnes and pimples. The retinoids get the job done by speeding up the turnover rates of the cells. Dead skin cells get replaced quicker which means the dark spots will go away faster. Some of the most popular retinoids today include adapalene, tazarotene, and tretinoin.
- Hydroquinone – This is probably the most widely used medical treatment against hyperpigmentation. It’s commonly used because it’s available over-the-counter. They are cheap and very easy to apply on the skin.
- Procedural Treatments – A lot of these treatments are a bit invasive but they can be very effective if done properly. The most popular procedural treatments against pigmentation today are laser treatments, chemical peels, intense pulsed light therapies, and microdermabrasion. All of these procedures can only be performed by licensed dermatologists. Furthermore, it usually takes several treatment sessions before the pigmentation disappears.
Just like other skin disorders, the earlier you seek treatment for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, the better chances you have of getting it removed quicker. It’s advisable that you employ both topical and procedural treatments to maximize the results. But before you do, you need to talk with a licensed and experienced dermatologist to see if the treatments are appropriate for your condition. The dermatologist will help you with the treatment process. He will also be able to tell you when you need to stop applying any of the topical treatments mentioned above.